Archery Freaks


Glossary of words that you stumble across in magazine's and online that you may or may not know.

Archery Manufacturer's Organization.

AMO Speed Rating-
  AMO set this standard for evaluating arrow speed. To discover the AMO speed a bow is set at 60 pounds, with a 30-inch draw and shooting arrows that weigh 540 grains. For today's compounds, speeds over 240 fps are considered fast while anything under 220 fps are relatively slow.

anchor- When you draw the bow and hold the string in the same location every time. Many people who shoot use the corner of their mouth as an anchor point. 

antlers- One of the solid deciduous horns, usually branched, of an animal of the deer family.

archer's paradox- Describes the movement of the arrow as it bends and flexes around a riser when released.

armguard- Placed on the arm that holds the bow. An armguard protects your arm from being slapped by the bowstring on release.

archery freaks- Individuals that love the sport of archery in the form of 3-D, competition, hunting or for fun.

arrow- A slender, straight, generally pointed missile or weapon made to be shot from a bow and equipped with feather at the end of the shaft near the nock, for controlling flight.

arrow case- A box of wood or other material in which arrows are transported. Each arrow  is usually held separate from its fellow.

arrow length- Arrows are cut to a specified length. Measured from bottom of nock to the end of arrow shaft.

arrow nock- The notch at the end of the arrow designed to fit around the bowstring and hold the arrow in place on the string.

arrow plate- A piece of horn, pretty shell or leather just above the handle on the left side of a bow, where the arrow passes as it leaves the bow.

arrow rest- Where the arrow rest during draw. These may be simple fixed rest or spring-loaded.

arrow shaft- The wooden, aluminum or carbon of an arrows.

arrowsmith- One whose business was to make metal arrowheads.

artillery- The old time word for bows and arrows.

ascham- A tall, narrow cabinet in which bows and arrows are kept.

axle- The axles are the shafts on which a compound bow's cams rotate.

axle-to-axle length- The distance from one axle of a compound bow to the other.

balloon feather-
A feather that has been cut parabolic or curbed.

barb- A projection on a hunting head which prevents its easily being withdrawn.

barrelled- A barrelled arrow is heavier in the middle and tapers toward each end.

bast- The twisted straw back of a target.

bedding area- An area where the deer way lay down when not feeding. Usually under trees or in thick foliage.

belly- The belly of a bow is the rounded side, held towards you when shooting.

blind- Is a cover device for hunters, designed to reduce the chance of detection.

blunt- An arrow tip that is not pointed. Usually used to hunt small game or to stump shoot.

bobtailed arrow- An arrow that is thicker at the pile end. It tapers to the nock.

bow press- A device that is used to release the tension of cables and strings on a bow to help in repair and maintenance.
bow square- Used to measure brace height or to align nocking points.

bow stave- The stick, stave or piece of wood from which a bow is made.

bowyer-  A maker of bows.

brace height-
Is the distance from the inside of the grip to the string.

bracer- Another name for an armguard.

brash- Wood is called brash when it is brittle.

broadhead- A flat, triangular, steel arrowhead with sharp edges. They generally feature at least one-inch of cutting diameter and may be fixed blades or mechanicals.

brush button- For recurve and longbows, these rubber round items are placed on a bowstring to prevent brush from catching between the bowstring and the bow.

bubble level- Is an instrument on your sights that let's you know if your bow is level.

butt- A hillock or mound of earth or sod on which target faces are attached to be shot at.

cable guide- Is needed to hold the cables out of the way of the arrow. The cable guad simply pushes the cables off to the side.  see pic

calls- A instrument used to mock the sound of animals.

camo- Something that blends a hunter with the surrounding environment through deception.

cams- Sit on axles attached at the ends of the limbs. Together with the cables, they enable the force required to bend the limbs to be geared down to a force that can be provided by the archer.

carriage bow- A bow joined under the handle in a ferrule so it comes apart and makes for easy transportation.

center serving- The center portion of the bowstring is wrapped to protect the bowstring from damage, either from the release aid or from the string hitting the cable guard.

centershot- The alignment of the arrow in the power path of the string.

chested arrou- An arrow is chested when it is thickest toward the nock end and tapers to the pile and nock.

clout- A small white faced target with a black bull's eye used in archery-golf and clout shooting.

cock feather- The odd colored or marked feather

compound bow-  A modern bow that uses a levering system, usually of cables and pulleys, to bend the limbs.

cresting- The colored designs on the end of an arrow shaft.

crossbou- An old time weapon made with a short steel or horn bow set crosswhise on a stock.

crow bill- An arrow head of horn, as used in Northern France.

curl- A curl or swirl in the grain of a bowstave.

dead shaft- An arrow that has no life or spine. One that flies sluggishly.

decoy- Anything that is used to lure.

doe- Female deer.

down wind- When the wind is on the archer's back.

drawing fingers- The fingers used in pulling a bow-the first three of the drawing hand.

draw length- The distance at full draw from the nocking point to the back of the grip. The AMO draw length is the distance from the nocking point to a point 1 3/4 inches past the back of the grip.

draw weight- The amount of force in pounds required to draw the bow.

drift- The drift to either side of a mark caused by acroww wind.

dry fire- To release a taught (cross)bow string while no bolt or arrow is knocked. Dry Firing a (cross)bow is EXTREMELY bad for the (cross)bow. Increases stress on the string. (bravesfan319)

eccentric- The cam or part of the bow that is designed to control the stored energy of the bow.

efficiency- The amount of kinetic energy of the arrow just as it leaves the bow divided by the potential energy that went into drawing it, multiplied by 100.

eye- The loop at one or both ends of a bowstring.

field tip- A tip used on the end of an arrow for practice. Usually a rounded point.

finger tips- Leather stalls or protectors for the three tips of the shooting fingers.

fletch- Putting the feathers on an arrow.

fletching- The feathers on an arrow, that stabilize it during flight.

An arrowmaker.

flight arrow- An arrow used for distance shooting. It is long and light and has very small feathers.

flirt- An arrow flirts when it jumps out of its steady line of flight.

FOC- Front Of Center

food plot-  The area or crop where animals feed.

FPS- Feet Per Second

grain- The measurement of weight that is used with hunting, such as bullets, arrows, etc.

Is where you hold onto the bow when shooting. The grip is located below the arrow shelf.  see pic

GPI- Grains Per Inch

handle- Where the bow is held when being shot.

head- The tip or head of the arrow.

helical- Refers to the way fletching is laid on an arrow. Rather than straight, helical fletching curves slightly around the arrow shaft.

hen feather- The feathers of the same color on an arrow.

high braced- When the distance between handle and string of a strung bow is over seven inches. It is better to high brace a bow than low brace one.

holding- The slight pause just before you loose the arrow.

home- An arrow is home when it is fully drawn and ready to be shot.

horns- The tips of a bow made of cow, steer or stag horns in wheich the notches for the string are cut.

IBO- International Bowhunter's Organization

IBO Speed Rating- The International Bowhunter's Organization has a speed rating that is generally measured with a bow set at 70 pounds, 30-inch draw and shooting a 350-grain arrow.

insert- The adapter that is placed into a shaft to make a nock or arrow point fit the shaft.

jointed bou- A carriage or two piece bow.

kick- A bow is said to kick when a jar is felt after a shot. It is due to unevenly tillered limbs.

kinetic energy- Measures the level of penetration your arrow possesses.

kisser- Allows you to anchor consistently by placing the kisser on the bowstring and makin sure it touches the same part of your lips each draw.

limbs- Limbs are made of composite materials and are capable of taking high tensile and compressive forces. The limbs store all the energy of the bow. see pic

A string in a U shape tied on the bow string around the nock point that a release aid is attached to when shooting.